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7 July 2000 Ground-based coronagraphy with high-order adaptive optics
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We simulate the actions of a coronagraph matched to diffraction-limited adaptive optics (AO) systems on the Calypso 1.2 m, Palomar Hale 5 m and Gemini 8.1 m telescopes, and identify useful parameter ranges for AO coronagraphy on these systems. We model the action of adaptive wavefront correction with a tapered, high-pass filter in spatial frequency rather than a hard low frequency cutoff, and estimate the minimum number of AO channels required to produce sufficient image quality for coronagraphic suppression within a few diffraction widths of a central bright object (as is relevant to e.g., brown dwarf searches near late-type dwarf stars). We explore the effect of varying the occulting image- plane stop size and shape, and examine the trade-off between throughput and suppression of the image halo and Airy rings. We discuss our simulations in the context of results from the 241-channel Palomar Hale AO coronagraph system, and suggest approaches for future AO coronagraphic instruments on large telescopes.
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Russell B. Makidon, Anand Sivaramakrishnan, Christopher D. Koresko, Thomas Berkefeld, Marc J. Kuchner, and Robert S. Winsor "Ground-based coronagraphy with high-order adaptive optics", Proc. SPIE 4007, Adaptive Optical Systems Technology, (7 July 2000);

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