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2 February 2001 Transient electroluminescence from multilayer small organic molecular light-emitting devices
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Abstract
Nanosecond electroluminescence (EL) spikes observed at the voltage turn-off when multilayer blue 4,4'-bis(2,2'diphenyl vinyl) -1,1'-biphenyl (DPVBi)-based organic light-emitting devices (OLED's) are excited by rectangular voltage pulses are described. The spikes exceed the cw brightness by up to an order of magnitude. Time-resolved images of the devices demonstrate that the emission from most of the sample surface decays with a single time constant (tau) 1 equals 13 +/- 3 ns. This decay is attributed to recombination of charges which accumulate at the interface of the electron and hole transporting layers, possibly at intrinsic trapping sites. In areas of increased electron injection and EL such as cathode edges and morphological defects, a second slower decay time 20 ns < (tau) 2 < 1 microsecond is observed, apparently due to release of carriers from localized trap states in the organic/cathode interface. Only marginal variations in (tau) 1 are found between bright and dim areas of the devices. At a bias of 10 V, the amplitude of the spike is found to peak at a pulse duration of approximately 20 microseconds. It is noted that similar OLED's, in which the DPVBi was replaced by tris-(8- hydroxyquinoline Al) (Alq3), did not exhibit such spikes.
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Vadim Savvate'ev, J. H. Friedl, L. Zou, K. Christensen, W. Oldham, Lewis J. Rothberg, Zoe Chen-Esterlit, Raoul Kopelman, and Joseph Shinar "Transient electroluminescence from multilayer small organic molecular light-emitting devices", Proc. SPIE 4105, Organic Light-Emitting Materials and Devices IV, (2 February 2001); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.416898
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