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15 May 2001 Vapor-phase proton-exchange in lithium tantalate for high-quality waveguides fabrication
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Proceedings Volume 4277, Integrated Optics Devices V; (2001) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.426789
Event: Symposium on Integrated Optics, 2001, San Jose, CA, United States
Abstract
Vapor-phase proton-exchange has been applied to lithium tantalate for the first time, as a waveguide fabrication technique. This technique provides alpha-phase waveguides without the need for annealing. A sealed ampoule set-up has been used employing pure benzoic acid as the vapor source. Various waveguides have been realized and optically characterized by means of standard m-lines spectroscopy. The profile shape is a step plus an exponential tail toward the substrate, as that found for vapor-phase proton-exchange waveguides in lithium niobate. The total depth of the refractive index profile increases with the exchange time, following a linear diffusion model. The ordinary index change has been determined by an interferometric method, giving values that confirmed the alpha-crystallographic phase of the fabricated waveguides. The propagation losses have been measured with a new method using an isosceles coupling prism and an out-coupling objective. The values found for the different modes of the various waveguides ranged from 0.5 to 0.8 dB/cm. An aging phenomenon in the fabricate waveguides has been observed during the first month after the exchange process. The extraordinary index change decreased of 5 percent, while the optical depth increased of 2 percent. Application of this technology to periodically poled substrates for QPM devices seems feasible.
© (2001) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Roberta Ramponi, Roberto Osellame, Marco Marangoni, and Vera Russo "Vapor-phase proton-exchange in lithium tantalate for high-quality waveguides fabrication", Proc. SPIE 4277, Integrated Optics Devices V, (15 May 2001); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.426789
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