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23 March 2001 Calibration and investigation of infrared camera systems applying blackbody radiation
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An experimental facility is presented, which allows calibration and detailed investigation of infrared camera systems. Various blackbodies operating in the temperature range from -60 degree(s)C up to 3000 degree(s)C serve as standard radiation sources, enabling calibration of camera systems in a wide temperature and spectral range with highest accuracy. Quantitative results and precise long-term investigations, especially in detecting climatic trends, require accurate traceability to the International Temperature Scale of 1990 (ITS-90). For the used blackbodies the traceability to ITS- 90 is either realized by standard platinum resistance thermometers (in the temperature range below 962 degree(s)C) or by absolute and relative radiometry (in the temperature range above 962 degree(s)C). This traceability is fundamental for implementation of quality assurance systems and realization of different standardizations, for example according ISO 9000. For investigation of the angular and the temperature resolution our set-up enables minimum resolvable (MRTD) and minimum detectable temperature difference (MDTD) measurements in the various temperature ranges. A collimator system may be used to image the MRTD and MDTD targets to infinity. As internal calibration of infrared camera systems critically depends on the temperature of the surrounding, the calibration and investigation of the cameras is performed in a climate box, which allows a detailed controlling of the environmental parameters like humidity and temperature. Experimental results obtained for different camera systems are presented and discussed.
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Juergen Hartmann and Joachim Fischer "Calibration and investigation of infrared camera systems applying blackbody radiation", Proc. SPIE 4360, Thermosense XXIII, (23 March 2001);

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