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21 December 2001 Optical networks on a chip using photonic bandgap materials
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High-density optical interconnect using Photonic Crystals (PhCs'), is proposed as a technique for three-dimensional optical signal distribution and routing through multiple planes and in different directions. These optically conducting networks offer the ability to guide light analogously to electrical printed circuit boards (PCB's), which transport electrons through electrical networks. Due to their unique ability to confine and control light on the subwavelength scale, PhCs' have led a challenging prospect of miniaturization and large-scale integration of high density optical interconnects. Thus in this paper we present a novel approach for implementing a high density optical interconnect network in Photonic crystals. To this end, different techniques for both in plane coupling as well as vertical coupling from one layer of PhC to the other layer through an optical via are discussed. Numerical experiments results for optical confinement in both lateral and vertical directions will be presented.
© (2001) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Ahmed S. Sharkawy, Shouyuan Shi, and Dennis W. Prather "Optical networks on a chip using photonic bandgap materials", Proc. SPIE 4436, Wave-Optical Systems Engineering, (21 December 2001);

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