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18 June 2002 Nondestructive evaluation of ceramic matrix composites coupled with finite element analyses
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Ceramic matrix composites (CMC) are engineered materials filled with manufacturing anomalies, such as voids, delamination, or fiber cracking. In this paper a non- destructive evaluation (NDE) of a CMC tensile specimen is coupled with a finite element analysis to locate the failure location prior to the actual testing. The tensile CMC specimen is scanned with computed tomography (CT) along various planes. The majority of the observed anomalies are porosities in the matrix. The CT images are then used to reconstruct a 3-D volume of the specimen's gage section using velocity2 (an image processing software). Subsequently, a three dimensional finite element analysis (FEA) is carried out to include the scanned porosities. The stress variations along the scanned CT planes are determined, comparison of the FEA results with those extracted via NDS, and the test data are reported.
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Ali Abdul-Aziz, George Y. Baaklini, and Ramakrishna Bhatt "Nondestructive evaluation of ceramic matrix composites coupled with finite element analyses", Proc. SPIE 4704, Nondestructive Evaluation and Health Monitoring of Aerospace Materials and Civil Infrastructures, (18 June 2002);

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