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6 August 2002 Variability of infrared BRDF for military ground targets
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Two characteristics are critical in the understanding of target signatures, physical surface temperature and surface reflectance. An objects surface reflectance can be thought of as having two major components, the diffuse and specular components. The best way to understand these components is by examining the Bi-directional Reflectance Distribution Function (BRDF). The BRDF provides an understanding of the reflectance behavior of a surface from every incident angle and reflectance angle. With the BRDF one can provide an accurate computer model of how the material behaves. Databases of BRDF data are available for use in modeling and simulation of targets but are typically comprised of pristine samples that may not be representative of real world targets. This paper will provide methods, data and trends of the BRDF variability in the infrared regions. We will also explore appropriate data sets for use to represent typical fielded targets.
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David J. Thomas, Roger Evans, and Alicia Ruba "Variability of infrared BRDF for military ground targets", Proc. SPIE 4718, Targets and Backgrounds VIII: Characterization and Representation, (6 August 2002);

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