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23 September 2002 Photoacoustic detection of trace gases
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In this paper the recent developments in the field of diode-laser photoacoustics will be discussed. Photoacoustic detector designs with high sensitivity and signal-to-noise ratio will be presented. The advantages and disadvantages of different modulation and measurement techniques will be discussed and compared. Simple expressions will be given for an estimation of the sensitivity achievable with an optimized photoacoustic detector. Recent results will be presented for a state-of-the-art dual-resonator differential cell suitable for sensitive trace gas analysis with low electronic and acoustic noise. With this resonant photoacoustic cell and a near-infrared DFB diode laser with 42 mW power at 1.53 mm polar ammonia molecules could be detected with a sensitivity of 200 parts-per-billion volume (ppbv) under flow conditions used to reduce the adsorption problem. By excitation of fundamental vibrations in methane using a pulsed optical parametric oscillator (OPO) with 60 mW output power a sensitivity of 1.2 ppbv has been achieved using this resonant cell. This setup allows sub-ppbv detection of the greenhouse gas methane with a concentration of about 1.7 ppmv in ambient air.
© (2002) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Andreas Miklos, Andrew H. Kung, and Peter Hess "Photoacoustic detection of trace gases", Proc. SPIE 4817, Diode Lasers and Applications in Atmospheric Sensing, (23 September 2002);

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