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27 August 2003 Spectroscopic analysis of the intermolecular interactions of gamma cyclodextrin and carbon nanotubes
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Abstract
The production of small diameter (0.7-1.2nm) and high purity single walled carbon nanotubes using a gas-phase catalytic approach has aroused considerable interest in the chemistry of this unique material. Most recently it has been proposed that tubes produced in this manner can be cut by simply grinding them in a soft organic material such as g-cyclodextrin. The results reported on such cutting techniques however concentrated upon microscopy thereby limiting the degree of information, which could be deduced about the type of interaction between the two materials. In this study electronic and vibrational spectroscopy as well as Differential Scanning Calorimetry has been performed upon a ground mixture of the aforementioned single walled carbon nanotubes and γ-Cyclodextrin. The mixture was prepared by grinding in a 30:1 ratio γ-cyclodextrin and single walled carbon nanotubes for approximately two hours with the drop-wise addition of ethanol (1ml) in the first 10 minutes. A similar ground mixture of g-Cyclodextrin and multi walled carbon nanotubes was also prepared to help asses the type and degree of interaction between the single walled carbon nanotubes and the γ-Cyclodextrin. Absorption spectroscopy showed changes to the electronic structure of both the single walled carbon nanotubes and the γ-Cyclodextrin, while evidence from Raman spectroscopy indicates that the cyclodextrins are absorbed via van der Waals forces along the length of the tube inducing a compressive strain. No such evidence for an interaction with multi walled carbon nanotubes was observed suggesting the possibility of a diameter selective interaction. Finally as a comparison a sample containing 5mg of tubes was refluxed in an aqueous solution of γ cyclodextrin (0.3M) for ~72 hour similar to early studies preformed on C60 and γ cyclodextrin
© (2003) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Gordon Chambers, Clodagh Carroll, Garrett F. Farrell, Alan Brian Dalton, Martin Cadek, Mary McNamara, E. Cummins, Marc in het Panhuis, and Hugh James Byrne "Spectroscopic analysis of the intermolecular interactions of gamma cyclodextrin and carbon nanotubes", Proc. SPIE 4876, Opto-Ireland 2002: Optics and Photonics Technologies and Applications, (27 August 2003); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.463667
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