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13 March 2003 Unsupervised feature extraction techniques for hyperspectral data and its effects on unsupervised classification
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Abstract
Feature extraction, implemented as a linear projection from a higher dimensional space to a lower dimensional subspace, is a very important issue in hyperspectral data analysis. The projection must be done in a matter that minimizes the redundancy, maintaining the information content. In hyperspectral data analysis, a relevant objective of feature extraction is to reduce the dimensionality of the data maintaining the capability of discriminating object of interest from the cluttered background. This paper presents a comparative study of different unsupervised feature extraction mechanisms and shows their effects on unsupervised detection and classification. The mechanisms implemented and compared are an unsupervised SVD based band subset selection mechanism, Projection Pursuit, and Principal Component Analysis. For purposes of validating the unsupervised methods, supervised mechanisms as Discriminant Analysis and a supervised band subset selection using Bhattacharyya distance were implemented and its results were compared with the unsupervised methods. Unsupervised band subset selection based on SVD chooses automatically the most independent set of bands. Projection Pursuit based feature extraction algorithm automatically searches for projections that optimize a projection index. The projection index we optimized is one that measures the information divergence between the probability density function of the projected data and the Gaussian probability density function. This produces a projection where the probability density function of the whole data set is multi-modal, instead of a Gaussian uni-modal distribution. This augments the separability of the unknown clusters in the lower dimensional space. Finally they were compared with well-known and used Principal Component Analysis. The methods were tested using synthetic as well as remotely sensed data obtained from AVIRIS and LANDSAT. They were compared using unsupervised classification methods in a known ground truth area.
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Luis O. Jimenez-Rodriguez, Emmanuel Arzuaga-Cruz, and Miguel Velez-Reyes "Unsupervised feature extraction techniques for hyperspectral data and its effects on unsupervised classification", Proc. SPIE 4885, Image and Signal Processing for Remote Sensing VIII, (13 March 2003); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.463521
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