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13 September 2002 Quantum three-pass cryptography protocol
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Abstract
We present a new kind of quantum cryptography protocol based on Shamir's three-pass protocol of classical cryptography, which allows the transmission of qubits directly and secretly via the aid of an unjammable classical channel. In this protocol we implement the encryption and decryption transformations via rotations on the Poincare sphere of the photons polarization parameters. The key technique is that Bob's encryption rotation must be commutative with Alice s decryption rotation; this means that the axes of these two rotations must be parallel. We also present a security analysis of the protocol under a man-in-the-middle attack.
© (2002) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Li Yang, Ling-An Wu, and Songhao Liu "Quantum three-pass cryptography protocol", Proc. SPIE 4917, Quantum Optics in Computing and Communications, (13 September 2002); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.483035
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