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3 April 2003 Glass ion-exchange technology for wavelength management applications
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We report the achievement of buried single-mode waveguides in special Boro-Aluminum-Silicate glass. The waveguides are characterized by very low propogation loss (<.01dB/cm) and negligible birefringence. The optical mode at the input and output ports is essentially identical to the mode of a standard single-mode optical fiber. We fabricated and tested several devices and report here 1×8 and 1×16 powers spitters and an interleaver defined for a 100GHz DWDM network. Due to the low birefringence of the waveguides, the TE and TM responses of the device are undistinguishable by customary characterization equipment. In addition we report a technique for permanent trimming of the otpical circuit by localized heating. This unique advantage of ion-exchange technology, allowed us the adjustment of devices' parameters at post-fabrication stage. As an example, the trimming of a 2×2 directional coupler manifested here in the control of coupling coefficient value over a wide range (0.04-1.5). The process control was such that a target value of 0.5 for the coefficient was accurately attained. The same process enabled us the tuning of the interleaver to the ITU grid within 10pm accuracy.
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Shlomo Ruschin, G. Hurwitz, T. Hurwitz, Avishai Kepten, E. Arad, Y. Soreq, and Shimon Eckhouse "Glass ion-exchange technology for wavelength management applications", Proc. SPIE 4944, Integrated Optical Devices: Fabrication and Testing, (3 April 2003);

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