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11 June 2003 Three-dimensional Bragg diffraction in growth-disordered opals
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After artificial opals as well as opal-based infilled and inverted composites are considered to be promising representatives of photonic crystal materials. Earlier, photonic stop gaps in opals were studied mainly in transmission or specular reflection geometries corresponding to "one-dimensional" Bragg diffraction. On the contrary, this work was aimed at observing the typical patterns of optical Bragg diffraction in which phenomenon opal crystal structure acts as a three-dimensional diffraction grating. Although our experiments were performed for artificial opals possessing unavoidable imperfections a well-pronounced diffraction peaks were observed characteristic of a crystal structure. Each of the diffraction maxima reveals a photonic stop gap in the specified direction, while the spectral width of the peak is a measure of the photonic stop gap width.
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A. V. Baryshev, Alexander A. Kaplyanskii, Vladimir A. Kosobukin, M. F. Limonov, K. B. Samusev, and D. E. Usvyat "Three-dimensional Bragg diffraction in growth-disordered opals", Proc. SPIE 5023, 10th International Symposium on Nanostructures: Physics and Technology, (11 June 2003);

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