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15 May 2003 3D vessel axis extraction using 2D calibrated x-ray projections for coronary modeling
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A new approach for 3D vessel centreline extraction using multiple, ECG-gated, calibrated X-ray angiographic projections of the coronary arteries is described. The proposed method performs direct extraction of 3D vessel centrelines, without the requirement to either first compute prior 2D centreline estimates, or perform a complete volume reconstruction. A front propagation-based algorithm, initialised with one or more 3D seed points, is used to explore a volume of interest centred on the projection geometry's isocentre. The expansion of a 3D region is controlled by forward projecting boundary points into all projection images to compute vessel response measurements, which are combined into a 3D propagation speed so that the front expands rapidly when all projection images yield high vessel responses. Vessel centrelines are obtained by reconstructing the paths of fastest propagation. Based on these axes, a volume model of the coronaries can be constructed by forward projecting axis points into the 2D images where the borders are detected. The accuracy of the method was demonstrated via a comparison of automatically extracted centrelines with 3D centrelines derived from manually segmented projection data.
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Stewart Young, Babak Movassaghi, Juergen Weese, and Volker Rasche "3D vessel axis extraction using 2D calibrated x-ray projections for coronary modeling", Proc. SPIE 5032, Medical Imaging 2003: Image Processing, (15 May 2003);

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