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30 September 2003 A new terrain mapping method for mobile robots obstacle negotiation
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Abstract
This paper introduces a new terrain mapping method for mobile robots with a 2-D laser rangefinder. In the proposed method, an elevation map and a certainty map are built and used for the filtering of erroneous data. The filter, called Certainty Assisted Spatial (CAS) filter, first employs the physical constraints on motion continuity and spatial continuity to distinguish corrupted pixels (e.g., due to artifacts, random noise, or the "mixed pixels" effect) and missing data from uncorrupted pixels in an elevation map. It then removes the corrupted pixels and missing data, while missing data is filled in by a Weighted Median filter. Uncorrupted pixels are left intact so as to retain edges of objects. Our extensive indoor and outdoor mapping experiments demonstrate that the CAS filter has better performance in erroneous data reduction and map detail preservation than existing filters.
© (2003) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Cang Ye and Johann Borenstein "A new terrain mapping method for mobile robots obstacle negotiation", Proc. SPIE 5083, Unmanned Ground Vehicle Technology V, (30 September 2003); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.486764
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