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23 September 2003 The optimum correction of defective pixel elements in dispersive hyperspectral imaging systems
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Abstract
Several of the sensor technologies employed for producing hyperspectral images make use of dispersion across an array to generate the spectral content along a 'line' in the scene and then use scanning to build up the other spatial dimension of the image. Infrared staring arrays rarely achieve 100% fully functioning pixels. In single-band imaging applications 'dead' elements do not cause a problem because simple spatial averaging of neighboring pixels is possible (assuming that a pixel is similar in intensity to its neighbors is a reasonably good approximation). However, when the array is used as described above to produce a spectral image, dead elements result in missing spatial and spectral information. This paper investigates the use of several novel techniques to replace this missing information and assesses them against image data of different spatial and spectral resolutions with the aim of recommending the best technique to use based on the sensor specification. These techniques are also benchmarked against naive spatial averaging.
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Joanne M. Nothard, Nicola M. Kent, and Alan E. Pratt "The optimum correction of defective pixel elements in dispersive hyperspectral imaging systems", Proc. SPIE 5093, Algorithms and Technologies for Multispectral, Hyperspectral, and Ultraspectral Imagery IX, (23 September 2003); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.487042
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