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1 April 2003 Adaptive multimodal biometric fusion algorithm using particle swarm
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This paper introduces a new algorithm called “Adaptive Multimodal Biometric Fusion Algorithm”(AMBF), which is a combination of Bayesian decision fusion and particle swarm optimization. A Bayesian framework is implemented to fuse decisions received from multiple biometric sensors. The system’s accuracy improves for a subset of decision fusion rules. The optimal rule is a function of the error cost and a priori probability of an intruder. This Bayesian framework formalizes the design of a system that can adaptively increase or reduce the security level. Particle swarm optimization searches the decision and sensor operating points (i.e. thresholds) space to achieve the desired security level. The optimization function aims to minimize the error in a Bayesian decision fusion. The particle swarm optimization algorithm results in the fusion rule and the operating points of sensors at which the system can work. This algorithm is important to systems designed with varying security needs and user access requirements. The adaptive algorithm is found to achieve desired security level and switch between different rules and sensor operating points for varying needs.
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Kalyan K. Veeramachaneni, Lisa Ann Osadciw, and Pramod K. Varshney "Adaptive multimodal biometric fusion algorithm using particle swarm", Proc. SPIE 5099, Multisensor, Multisource Information Fusion: Architectures, Algorithms, and Applications 2003, (1 April 2003);

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