Translator Disclaimer
10 February 2004 Odyssey gives evidence for liquid water on Mars
Author Affiliations +
Recent Odyssey data indicate water ice within centimeters or meters of the Martian surface over wide latitudes. A significant finding in itself, this has much broader applications. This paper applies water phase physics to Odyssey, Viking and Pathfinder data to make a case for the availability of liquid water at the planet’s surface. Liquid water, possibly in biologically significant quantities, is predicted at least diurnally over broad reaches of Mars, including the two Viking landing sites where the Labeled Release (LR) life detection experiment obtained positive signals. Moreover, the data argue strongly against any putative oxidant in the Martian soil that many have assumed was responsible for the LR positive responses. The recently published theory, that currently occurring changes in ravines observed on Mars are caused by flows of solid carbon dioxide rather than liquid water, are shown to be irrelevant to this interpretation of the Odyssey data. The paper concludes that the Odyssey data lend further strength to the author’s claim that the 1976 Viking LR results are of biological origin, and warrant his proposal to send a chiral LR experiment to Mars as an unambiguous way to end the controversy.
© (2004) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Gilbert V. Levin "Odyssey gives evidence for liquid water on Mars", Proc. SPIE 5163, Instruments, Methods, and Missions for Astrobiology VII, (10 February 2004);


Instruments and methods to search for extraterrestrial life
Proceedings of SPIE (September 21 2015)
Methane and life on Mars
Proceedings of SPIE (September 03 2009)
Scientific logic for life on Mars
Proceedings of SPIE (February 05 2002)
Approaches to resolving the question of life on Mars
Proceedings of SPIE (December 29 2000)
Sterile robotic Mars soil analyzer
Proceedings of SPIE (February 26 2003)

Back to Top