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7 January 2004 Highly efficient x-ray imaging and backlighting schemes based on spherically bent crystals
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New approaches of a spectrally tunable backlighting schemes based on a spherically bent crystal are considered. In a contrary to the traditional backlighting scheme, in which the investigated objects should be placed between the backlighter and the crystal, for the considered schemes an object is placed downstream of the crystal, before the tangential or after the sagittal focus and an image of the object is recorded at the distance from the object corresponded to the needed magnification. The magnification is defined by the ratio of the distances form the sagittal focus to the detector and from the object to the sagittal focus. A ray tracing modeling and experimental images of test meshes, obtained at an incidence angles of the backlighter radiation of 10° and 22°, are presented. It is demonstrated that, at incident angles up to 22°, a linear transformation of the obtained astigmatic images allows to reconstruct them with an accuracy (5 - 15%). A spatial resolution around 10 μm in a field of view of some mm2 is achieved, for the spectral range around 9 Å. It is also demonstrated that spherically bent crystals could be used for X-ray imaging of a self emitting plasma structures with a spatial resolution at least 50 μm in a field of view of some square millimeters for angles of incidence up to 22°.
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Tatiana A. Pikuz, Anatoly Ya. Faenov, Igor Yu. Skobelev, Alexandr I. Magunov, Manuel Sanchez del Rio, Lucia Alianelli, Giuseppe Baldacchini, Francesco Flora, Sarra Bollanti, Paulo Di Lazzaro, Daniele Murra, Giuseppe Tomassetti, Antonio Ritucci, Armando Reale, Lucia Reale, Massimo Francucci, Sergio Martellucci, and Giovanni Petrocelli "Highly efficient x-ray imaging and backlighting schemes based on spherically bent crystals", Proc. SPIE 5196, Laser-Generated and Other Laboratory X-Ray and EUV Sources, Optics, and Applications, (7 January 2004);


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