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16 April 2004 Active pixel circuits for CMOS time-of-flight range image sensors
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Proceedings Volume 5302, Three-Dimensional Image Capture and Applications VI; (2004) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.533480
Event: Electronic Imaging 2004, 2004, San Jose, California, United States
Abstract
This paper presents a purely CMOS Active Pixel Sensor (APS) capable of time-of-flight (TOF) range imaging. The TOF sensor introduced is used to calculate range in the charge domain. To obtain high speed and highly efficient charge transfer that is important for TOF range imaging, a high gain inverting amplifier and two capacitors connected alternatively to the feedback path are used. The high speed and highly efficient charge transfer using a high gain inverting amplifier in a negative feedback loop enables the TOF range imaging to be based on standard CMOS technology. Moreover, CMOS based amplifier circuits have matured and are relatively easy to design. The analysis of the APS together with simulation results suggests that the proposed technique can achieve a sufficient range resolution of millimeter to centimeter depending on the maximum measured range.
© (2004) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Shoji Kawahito and Izhal Abdul Halin "Active pixel circuits for CMOS time-of-flight range image sensors", Proc. SPIE 5302, Three-Dimensional Image Capture and Applications VI, (16 April 2004); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.533480
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