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21 July 2004 Design and modeling of a single-crystal iron-gallium large magnetostrictive dynamic research transducer
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Abstract
Alloys of iron and non-magnetic gallium (of the form Fe1-xGax where x ranges from 13 to 30) exhibit large magnetostrictions of over 300 ppm at room temperature that are produced by saturation magnetic fields of approximately 600 Oe. While not producing magnetostrictions of the degree achievable with giant magnetostrictives, large magnetostrictive alloys of iron and gallium, called Galfenol, have much more desirable mechanical characteristics, such as non-brittleness and in-plane auxetic behavior. Additionally, Galfenol requires a much smaller saturation magnetic field than the giant magnetostrictives Terfenol and Terfenol-D (alloys of Iron and non-metallic Terbium and Dysprosium). Beginning from the body of knowledge gained from Terfenol and Terfenol-D dynamic research transducer designs is a good starting point for designing a Galfenol dynamic research transducer. However, several modifications are being made to adapt the transducer to some of Galfenol's unique properties. Any measured value uncertainty will quickly propagate through the calculated material properties. While not completely successful at addressing all the unique aspects Galfenol in this transducer design, the data presented will assist in future design attempts.
© (2004) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Luke M. Twarek, Sarah J. Haack, and Alison B. Flatau "Design and modeling of a single-crystal iron-gallium large magnetostrictive dynamic research transducer", Proc. SPIE 5387, Smart Structures and Materials 2004: Active Materials: Behavior and Mechanics, (21 July 2004); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.540229
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