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29 September 2004 The effects of proton-induced radiation damage on compound-semiconductor x-ray detectors
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We report the results of a series of experiments designed to assess the relative radiation hardness of a range of compound semiconductor X-ray detectors. The specific compounds tested were GaAs, InP, CdZnTe, HgI2 and TlBr, along with an elemental Si device. To allow meaningful comparisons, all devices were of a similar size and, with the exception of the InP detector, had sub-keV energy resolution at 5.9 keV. The irradiations were carried out using the University of Helsinki’s Cyclone 10/5 10 MeV proton cyclotron. Each detector was given six consecutive exposures - the integral fluences being; 2.66 x 109 p cm-2, 7.98 x 109 p cm-2, 2.65 x 1010 p cm-2, 7.97 x 1010 p cm-2, 1.59 x 1011 p cm-2, and 2.65 x 1011 p cm-2, respectively. In Si, these correspond to absorbed radiation doses of 2, 6, 20, 60, 120 and 200 krads. During the exposures, the detectors were kept unbiased and at room temperature. After each irradiation, the effects of the exposure were assessed, both at room temperature and at a reduced temperature using 55Fe, 109Cd and 241Am radioactive sources. It was found that with the exception of the HgI2 and TlBr detectors all materials showed varying degrees of damage effects.
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Alan Owens, Lauri Alha, Hans Andersson, Marcos Bavdaz, Guy Brammertz, Kerttuli Helariutta, Anthony Peacock, V. Lamsa, and Seppo Arvo Anter Nenonen "The effects of proton-induced radiation damage on compound-semiconductor x-ray detectors", Proc. SPIE 5501, High-Energy Detectors in Astronomy, (29 September 2004);

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