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7 February 2005 Optimization of holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystals using siloxane-containing materials
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Optimization of performance of holographic gratings was investigated by changing the chemical structures of photopolymerizable monomers, the LC content, and recording beam intensity, which strongly related to the control of kinetics of polymerization and phase separation of LCs. High diffraction efficiency was obtained using 3-acryloxypropyltrimethoxysilane (APTMS) and 2-[(3,4-epoxycyclohexyl)ethyl]trimethoxysilane (ECTMS) as siloxane-containing reactive diluent by inducing a fast and good phase separation originated from the incompatible and flexible properties of siloxane chain even at a very low LC concentration (10~25wt%), in contrast to the case using diluent without siloxane component, like N-vinylpyrrolidinone. The phase-separated morphologies of gratings, such as spacing and surface topology, were observed by atomic force microscopy (AFM). Very regular and smooth morphologies were observed for the formed holographic gratings with APTMS and various amounts of LC.
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Yeong Hee Cho, Nam Kim, and Yusuke Kawakami "Optimization of holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystals using siloxane-containing materials", Proc. SPIE 5636, Holography, Diffractive Optics, and Applications II, (7 February 2005);

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