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10 February 2005 Optical design of free face reflective headlamps
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Headlamps are installed at the head of automobiles for road lighting. About the illumination and anti-dazzle, some standards such as the standard of ECE are established. Now more and more free face reflective headlamps (FFR headlamps) are applied, and the light distribution design of FFR mirror becomes an important subject in the field of automobile assembling part. In this paper the surface shape of FFR headlamps is analyzed and described as a multi-partition aspherical surface with some simple parameters. According to the fundamental principles of geometrical optics and using the theory of ray transmission with energy, millions of real rays emitted from lower beam filament and high beam filament are traced and the relative intensity of illumination at the test screen with distance of 25m from the automobiles is obtained. In this paper the description of FFR mirrors is discussed, the algorithm of FFR headlamp design is presented, the flow chart is given and the light distribution simulation software with friendly interfaces is developed. In the light distribution graphic interface of the software, the illumination area could be dragged to a certain position while the parameters of current partition at the FFR mirror will be automatically changed. Using this software the FFR headlamps satisfying criteria will be designed very quickly and the 3D coordinates of any points at the mirror will be obtained. This makes CAM of FFR headlamps easy.
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Zhao Feng Cen, Xiao Tong Li, and Shi Tao Deng "Optical design of free face reflective headlamps", Proc. SPIE 5638, Optical Design and Testing II, (10 February 2005);

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