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23 December 2004 Liquid lens based on electrowetting: a new adaptive component for imaging applications in consumer electronics
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Abstract
A new technology for focus variation with direct electric control without moving part will be presented. The technology relies on an interface between two non-miscible transparent liquids, which can be deformed by electrowetting. This technology has been developed since 10 years in the lab and starts to be available commercially, with the following characteristics: large amplitude of dioptric correction (20 dioptries for a 5mm pupil size), fast response, small power consumption and good transmission in the visible range, clear pupil 1-10mm diameter. This paper will show the basic principle, as well as the physical limitations and optical aberrations due to differential thermal expansion of the two liquids in the cell. Experimental measurements made with a Schack Hartmann wave front analyzer will be presented, as well as numerical simulations of the liquid-liquid interface. Applications will be discussed, mainly in consumer electronics.
© (2004) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Jerome Crassous, Claude Gabay, Gaetan Liogier, and Bruno Berge "Liquid lens based on electrowetting: a new adaptive component for imaging applications in consumer electronics", Proc. SPIE 5639, Adaptive Optics and Applications III, (23 December 2004); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.576523
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