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7 March 2005 Preliminary experimental results of a dual grating-assisted directional coupler on SOI
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Abstract
The recent interest in silicon based photonics, and the trend to reduced device dimensions in photonic circuits generally, has led to the need for mode converters to couple from optical fibres to such small devices. A range of structures have been proposed and in some cases demonstrated, including three dimensional tapers, inverted tapers and micromachined prisms. We have previously reported theoretical analyses of a Dual Grating Assisted Directional Coupler (DGADC), which promises high efficiency coupling over modest spectral linewidths. In this paper we report preliminary experimental results on the fabrication of such devices, together with an evaluation of the coupling efficiency. The approach has been to fabricate a demonstrator device for a particular arrangement of waveguide coupling parameters, i.e. we have fabricated a device that couples easily from fibre, because the input waveguide is approximately 5μm in cross sectional dimensions. The mode converter then couples to a 0.25μm silicon waveguide, primarily because comparisons exist in the literature. These results are compared with the predicted efficiency, and the results are discussed both in terms of the constituent parts of the DGADC, as well as the fabrication limitations. Whilst our device is not optimised we demonstrate that it has promise for very high efficiency coupling.
© (2005) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Goran Z. Masanovic, Graham T. Reed, Vittorio M. N. Passaro, William Robert Headley, Branislav Timotijevic, Raghied M. H. Atta, Mike Josey, Graham Ensell, and Alan G. R. Evans "Preliminary experimental results of a dual grating-assisted directional coupler on SOI", Proc. SPIE 5730, Optoelectronic Integration on Silicon II, (7 March 2005); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.591460
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