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20 April 2005 2D simulations of an inverse-geometry volumetric CT system with multiple detector arrays
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The performance of an inverse geometry volumetric CT (IGCT) system with multiple detector arrays is being investigated. The system is capable of a complete acquisition of a volume free from cone-beam artifacts with only a single rotation of the gantry. The IGCT system is composed of a large source array opposite three small detector arrays with a field-of-view (FOV) large enough for clinical imaging (45cm). Simulations were conducted to estimate the MTF at different points in the FOV. The simulations involved generating 2D projection data of a 100um circular object followed by a reconstruction algorithm that uses gridding and filtered backprojection. The simulations also modeled finite source spot and detector element sizes. The estimated MTF’s were compared with theoretical MTF’s at 0 cm, 10 cm, and 20 cm away from the isocenter. The simulated MTF’s closely matched the theoretical MTF’s. The MTF in the radial direction was over 10% at 16 lp/cm across the entire FOV while the azimuthal MTF 10% point degraded to 10.4 lp/cm at the edge of the FOV. This degradation in azimuth, which can be corrected for, is due to gridding in the angular direction which is magnified at large distances away from the isocenter. The simulations show promising results for the in-plane resolution of the multiple detector array IGCT system. Noise properties and other factors impacting performance are currently being investigated.
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Samuel Mazin, Josh Star-Lack, Taly Gilat Schmidt, and Norbert J. Pelc "2D simulations of an inverse-geometry volumetric CT system with multiple detector arrays", Proc. SPIE 5745, Medical Imaging 2005: Physics of Medical Imaging, (20 April 2005);

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