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9 June 2005 Synthesis, fractionation, and optical characterization of Au-Ag composite nanorods
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Abstract
We report on a synthesis procedure and optical properties of composite Au-Ag spherical and rod-like nanoparticles. The synthesis protocol is based on a seed-mediated growth in the presence of soft templates in micellar aqueous solution of ionic surfactant (CTAB). Variation of Au/Ag molar ratio allows one to produce nanorods (NRs) with different aspect ratio. The disadvantage of the method is formation of appreciable amount of spherical nanoparticles. To separate rod-like particles from spheres and surfactant, we used a fractionation procedure that involves centrifugatiori of samples in the density gradient of glycerol. The separated NRs were suspended in water or 25% glycerol solutions and their extinction and differential light scattering (at 900) spectra were recorded for 450-850 ni-n wavelengths. Theoretical spectra were calculated by T-matrix method as applied to randomly oriented gold cylinders with semispherical ends. The simulated spectra for water and glycerol suspensions can be brought in close agreement with experimental observations if the aspect ratio is used as a fitting parameter. We discuss also the absorption and light scattering contribution to the total extinction spectra and deviation of the exact solution from the classical electrostatic approximation by Gans.
© (2005) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Anna V. Alekseeva, Vladimir A. Bogatyrev, Lyubov A. Trachuk, and Nikolai G. Khlebtsov "Synthesis, fractionation, and optical characterization of Au-Ag composite nanorods", Proc. SPIE 5772, Saratov Fall Meeting 2004: Coherent Optics of Ordered and Random Media V, (9 June 2005); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.636778
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