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23 May 2005 Decoherence and the quantum-classical limit in phase space (Invited Paper)
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Proceedings Volume 5842, Fluctuations and Noise in Photonics and Quantum Optics III; (2005) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.609100
Event: SPIE Third International Symposium on Fluctuations and Noise, 2005, Austin, Texas, United States
Abstract
We discuss the emergence of the classical description from quantum mechanics for chaotic systems. We consider a specific model, which corresponds to an ion trapped in a harmonic potential and submitted to a sequence of laser pulses: the kicked harmonic oscillator, under conditions that lead to chaotic behavior for the classical system. We show that noise plays an essential role in the transition from quantum to classical behavior. This transition is described in terms of the separation between the classical phase space distribution and the Wigner function corresponding to the quantum system, obtained by integrating over the whole phase space the magnitude of the difference between the two distributions. It is shown that, in the semiclassical limit, this separation is governed by a single parameter, which depends on the diffusion coefficient, the Lamb-Dicke parameter, and the kick strength. The Lamb-Dicke parameter plays the role of a dimensioneless Planck constant. As this parameter goes to zero, we show that both distributions remain close together for all times.
© (2005) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Luiz Davidovich, F. Toscano, and R. L. de Matos Filho "Decoherence and the quantum-classical limit in phase space (Invited Paper)", Proc. SPIE 5842, Fluctuations and Noise in Photonics and Quantum Optics III, (23 May 2005); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.609100
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