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12 September 2005 Laser satellite communications with adaptive optics
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Laser satellite communications (LCS) appear to have potential applications in the future global communication network. However, bidirectional ground-to-space link performance is degraded by atmospheric turbulence. This paper presents the simulations results of laser uplink and downlink propagation through atmospheric turbulence based on turbulence strength and link specification data obtained from the European Space Agency (ESA) ARTEMIS satellite and its associated optical ground station (OGS). The results obtained using this NMSU bidirectional link model indicate that the uplink performance can be improved significantly using tip-tilt error compensation alone while the downlink performance can be improved with higher order adaptive optics compensation.
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Chueh Ting, David G. Voelz, and Michael K. Giles "Laser satellite communications with adaptive optics", Proc. SPIE 5892, Free-Space Laser Communications V, 589213 (12 September 2005);

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