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12 September 2005 Room temperature operation of Er-doped silicon-rich oxide microcavities supporting high-Q whispering-gallery modes
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In the past few years, many studies have been carried out to use the ability of light to transport information into silicon-based integrated photonic circuits. The realization of an efficient silicon-based light source is therefore necessary but however challenging. Lasing cannot be easily achieved from silicon emission because of its indirect bandgap. Therefore, one solution proposed is to use other efficient emitters, like rare earth, into silicon or Silicon On Insulator based microcavities. Silica microdisk has been demonstrated to support high-Q whispering-gallery modes, and can be upgraded to ultra-high-Q toroidal microcavities by a CO2 laser melting process. Microdisk high Q-factor balances the low gain generally obtained from the active medium. Thus, those microcavities may be good candidates for silicon-based laser. In this paper, the fabrication and room temperature operation of silica microdisk associated with Er-doped silicon rich oxide is presented. Er atoms are excited at the 351 nm wavelength via the silicon clusters, giving to the material a high photonic capture section, and therefore a good photoluminescence efficiency. We demonstrate efficient coupling of erbium atoms to high-Q whispering-gallery modes. The photoluminescence spectrum is then theoretically treated. The WGM resonances are thus identified. We also discuss the contribution of the spot excitation and the weak coupling to the higher radial order modes. Finally, the polarization dependence of the observed modes is investigated, and the experimental results are compared to our analytical model of disk-shape cavities. Those results give us to think that an integrated laser should be soon achieved.
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Kien Phan Huy, Jeremy Verbert, Fedja Orucevic, Frederic Mazen, Pierre Noe, Jean Hare, Valerie Lefevre-Seguin, Alain Morand, Pierre Benech, Jean-Michel Gerard, and Emmanuel Hadji "Room temperature operation of Er-doped silicon-rich oxide microcavities supporting high-Q whispering-gallery modes", Proc. SPIE 5925, Nanophotonic Materials and Systems II, 59250O (12 September 2005);

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