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3 October 2005 2-D photonic crystals microcavity filters based on hexagonal lattice structures embedded in ridge waveguides
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Compact photonic crystal (PhC) microcavity filters in a ridge waveguide format could play a useful role for wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) and de-multiplexing functionality in dense integrated photonic circuits. The microcavity filters are embedded in ridge waveguides with high lateral refractive-index contrast because good lateral confinement and efficient coupling of light into the device can be achieved using this established waveguide technology. However, this configuration leads to significant modal mismatch at the interfaces between the PhC and waveguide sections, contributing to reflection losses and reduced transmission over much of the useful spectrum. By the same token, mode-matching features consisting of two rows of PhC holes with a different filling factor and displaced to mirror-image positions with respect to the outer two rows of the main PhC mirrors have been implemented to enhance the optical transmission by more than a factor of two. Furthermore, an increase in Q-factor (more than 100 %) is achieved by the addition of two further rows of PhC holes on either side of the microcavity. Moreover, Bragg-grating concepts have been applied in several other filter designs using the same hexagonal PhC lattice configuration, in an attempt to control the filter response. This work involves the design, fabrication (using electron-beam lithography and reactive ion etching) and characterization of such hexagonal-lattice PhC microcavity filters embedded in ridge waveguides.
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A. S. Jugessur, P. Pottier, R. M. De La Rue, and A. G. Kirk "2-D photonic crystals microcavity filters based on hexagonal lattice structures embedded in ridge waveguides", Proc. SPIE 5971, Photonic Applications in Nonlinear Optics, Nanophotonics, and Microwave Photonics, 59711E (3 October 2005);

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