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22 November 2005 Fabrication and primary photoevents in self-assembled nanocomposites based on semiconductor quantum dots and tetrapyrrole chromophores
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Abstract
The directed surface passivation of semiconductor CdSe, 0r CdSe/ZnS quantum dots (QD) by meso-pyridyl substituted porphyrins (H2P) has been realized via a reversible non-covalent self-assembly interaction of H2P meso-pyridyl nitrogens with ions of the ZnS shell or Cd atoms of the CdSe core in various solvents at ambient temperature. The formation of "QD-porphyrin" nanoassemblies leads to a QD photoluminescence (PL) quenching (intensity decrease and PL decay shortening) accompanied by a H2P fluorescence enhancement. The analysis of experimental Foerster resonance energy transfer efficiencies EFRET (FRET) found via acceptor (H2P) sensibilization and donor (QD) PL quenching shows that EFRET values obtained from fluorescence enhancement are of the order of 6 - 8 % for most QD studied and are thus much smaller as compared to the PL quenching efficiency. With respect to QD PL quenching efficiencies, smaller values of EFRET might be due to different competing reasons: the presence of two independent quenching processes in the nanoassemblies, energy transfer QD -> H2P and photoinduced (electron/hole) charge transfer (CT) or time-dependent QD interface dynamics leading to a noticeable QD PL quenching. The analysis of spectroscopic and kinetic findings reveals that a limited number of "vacancies" accessible for porphyrin attachment is available on the QD surface. Simultaneous presence of porphyrin triads/pentads and QDs in a solution leads to the formation of higly organzed nanoassemblies.
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Eduard I. Zenkevich, A. Shulga, Thomas Blaudeck, F. Cichos, and Christian von Borczyskowski "Fabrication and primary photoevents in self-assembled nanocomposites based on semiconductor quantum dots and tetrapyrrole chromophores", Proc. SPIE 6002, Nanofabrication: Technologies, Devices, and Applications II, 60020Z (22 November 2005); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.631440
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