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10 March 2006 Segmentation of the left and right cardiac ventricle using a combined bi-temporal statistical model
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The manual segmentation and analysis of high-resolution multislice cardiac CT datasets is both labor intensive and time consuming. Therefore it is necessary to supply the cardiologist with powerful software tools to segment the myocardium as well as the cardiac cavities and to compute the relevant diagnostic parameters. In this paper we present an automatic cardiac segmentation procedure with minimal user interaction. It is based on a combined bi-temporal statistical model of the left and right ventricle using the principal component analysis (PCA) as well as the independent component analysis (ICA) to model global and local shape variation. To train the model we used manually drawn end-diastolic as well as end-systolic contours of the right epi- and of the left and right endocardium to create triangular surfaces of training datasets. These surfaces were used to build a mean triangular surface model of the left and right ventricle for the end-diastolic and end-systolic heart phase and to compute the PCA and ICA decorrelation matrices which are used in a point distribution model (PDM) to model the global and local shape variations. In contrast to many previous attempts of model based cardiac segmentation we do not create separate models for the left and the right ventricle and for different heart phases, but instead create one single parameter vector containing the information of both ventricles and both heart phases. This enables us to use the correlation between the phases and between left and right side to create a model which is more robust and less sensitive e.g. to poor contrast at the right ventricle.
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Dominik Fritz, Daniel Rinck, Rüdiger Dillmann, and Michael Scheuering "Segmentation of the left and right cardiac ventricle using a combined bi-temporal statistical model", Proc. SPIE 6141, Medical Imaging 2006: Visualization, Image-Guided Procedures, and Display, 614121 (10 March 2006);

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