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2 March 2006 Performance of different reflectance and diffuse optical imaging tomographic approaches in fluorescence molecular imaging of small animals
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Optical imaging of fluorescent probes is an essential tool for investigation of molecular events in small animals for drug developments. In order to get localization and quantification information of fluorescent labels, CEA-LETI has developed efficient approaches in classical reflectance imaging as well as in diffuse optical tomographic imaging with continuous and temporal signals. This paper presents an overview of the different approaches investigated and their performances. High quality fluorescence reflectance imaging is obtained thanks to the development of an original "multiple wavelengths" system. The uniformity of the excitation light surface area is better than 15%. Combined with the use of adapted fluorescent probes, this system enables an accurate detection of pathological tissues, such as nodules, beneath the animal's observed area. Performances for the detection of ovarian nodules on a nude mouse are shown. In order to investigate deeper inside animals and get 3D localization, diffuse optical tomography systems are being developed for both slab and cylindrical geometries. For these two geometries, our reconstruction algorithms are based on analytical expression of light diffusion. Thanks to an accurate introduction of light/matter interaction process in the algorithms, high quality reconstructions of tumors in mice have been obtained. Reconstruction of lung tumors on mice are presented. By the use of temporal diffuse optical imaging, localization and quantification performances can be improved at the price of a more sophisticated acquisition system and more elaborate information processing methods. Such a system based on a pulsed laser diode and a time correlated single photon counting system has been set up. Performances of this system for localization and quantification of fluorescent probes are presented.
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Jean-Marc Dinten, Philippe Petié, Anabela da Silva, Jérôme Boutet, Anne Koenig, Lionel Hervé, Michel Berger, Aurélie Laidevant, and Philippe Rizo "Performance of different reflectance and diffuse optical imaging tomographic approaches in fluorescence molecular imaging of small animals", Proc. SPIE 6142, Medical Imaging 2006: Physics of Medical Imaging, 614215 (2 March 2006);

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