Translator Disclaimer
15 March 2006 Texture-based instrument segmentation in 3D ultrasound images
Author Affiliations +
The recent development of real-time 3D ultrasound enables intracardiac beating heart procedures, but the distorted appearance of surgical instruments is a major challenge to surgeons. In addition, tissue and instruments have similar gray levels in US images and the interface between instruments and tissue is poorly defined. We present an algorithm that automatically estimates instrument location in intracardiac procedures. Expert-segmented images are used to initialize the statistical distributions of blood, tissue and instruments. Voxels are labeled of voxels through an iterative expectation-maximization algorithm using information from the neighboring voxels through a smoothing kernel. Once the three classes of voxels are separated, additional neighboring information is used to give spatial information based on the shape of instruments in order to correct for misclassifications. We analyze the major axis of segmented data through their principal components and refine the results by a watershed transform, which corrects the results at the contact between instrument and tissue. We present results on 3D in-vitro data from a tank trial, and 3D in-vivo data from a cardiac intervention on a porcine beating heart. The comparison of algorithm results to expert-annotated images shows the correct segmentation and position of the instrument shaft.
© (2006) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Marius George Linguraru and Robert D. Howe "Texture-based instrument segmentation in 3D ultrasound images", Proc. SPIE 6144, Medical Imaging 2006: Image Processing, 61443J (15 March 2006);

Back to Top