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18 April 2006 Recursive Green's function technique and its application to surface-state photonic cavities and waveguides
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We report a new computational method based on the recursive Green's function technique for a calculation of light propagation in photonic crystal (PC) structures. The method computes the Green's function of the photonic structure recursively by adding slice by slice on the basis of the Dyson's equation, that relaxes memory requirements and accelerates the computational process. The method can easily account for the infinite extension of the structure both into the air and into the space occupied by the photonic crystal by making use of the so-called "surface Green's functions". This eliminates the spurious solutions (often present in the conventional finite-difference time domain methods). The developed method has been applied to study surface modes in semi-infinite photonic crystals and their application in surface-state cavities and waveguides. Namely, we demonstrate that confining PC surface states may result in enhanced intensity of an electromagnetic field on the surface and very high Q factor of the surface state. This effect can be employed as an operational principle for surface-mode lasers and sensors. We also show a possibility of using surface states as a novel type of waveguides and discuss their applications as efficient light couplers and directional beamers.
© (2006) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
A. I. Rahachou and I. V. Zozoulenko "Recursive Green's function technique and its application to surface-state photonic cavities and waveguides", Proc. SPIE 6182, Photonic Crystal Materials and Devices III (i.e. V), 61821C (18 April 2006);


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