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18 April 2006 Water heat pipe blackbody as a reference spectral radiance source between 50°C and 250°C
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Proceedings Volume 6205, Thermosense XXVIII; 620502 (2006)
Event: Defense and Security Symposium, 2006, Orlando (Kissimmee), Florida, United States
Realization of a radiometric temperature scale for near ambient temperatures with accuracy at the 20 to 50 mK level is crucial for a number of demanding military and commercial applications. In support of such measurements, radiation sources with high stability and spatial uniformity must be developed as reference and working standards. Traditionally, the temperature scale, maintained at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), relies on water bath and oil bath blackbodies in this temperature range. Recently, a water heat pipe blackbody was used at NIST as a spectral radiance source in a spectral emissivity measurement facility. Now a new, more versatile high emissivity water heat pipe blackbody was designed and characterized to be used as a reference radiance source for the radiometric temperature scale realization between 50 °C and 250 °C. Furthermore, it will serve as a reference source for the infrared spectral radiance measurements between 2.5 μm and 20 μm. The calculated spectral emissivity of the painted copper alloy cavity was verified by reflectance measurements using a CO2 laser at 10.6 μm wavelength. The spatial thermal uniformity and stability of the blackbody were characterized. Two independent realizations of the radiometric temperature scale were compared in order to verify the accuracy of the scale. Radiance temperature, calculated from the cavity temperature measured with a calibrated PRT contact thermometer and from the emissivity of the cavity, was compared to the radiance temperature, directly measured with a reference pyrometer, which was calibrated with a set of fixed point blackbodies. The difference was found to be within measurement uncertainties.
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M. Noorma, S. Mekhontsev, V. Khromchenko, M. Litorja, C. Cagran, J. Zeng, and L. Hanssen "Water heat pipe blackbody as a reference spectral radiance source between 50°C and 250°C", Proc. SPIE 6205, Thermosense XXVIII, 620502 (18 April 2006);

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