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28 June 2006 589 nm sum-frequency generation laser for the LGS/AO of Subaru Telescope
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Abstract
We developed a high power and high beam quality 589 nm coherent light source by sum-frequency generation in order to utilize it as a laser guide star at the Subaru telescope. The sum-frequency generation is a nonlinear frequency conversion in which two mode-locked Nd:YAG lasers oscillating at 1064 and 1319 nm mix in a nonlinear crystal to generate a wave at the sum frequency. We achieved the qualities required for the laser guide star. The power of laser is reached to 4.5 W mixing 15.65 W at 1064 nm and 4.99 W at 1319 nm when the wavelength is adjusted to 589.159 nm. The wavelength is controllable in accuracy of 0.1 pm from 589.060 and 589.170 nm. The stability of the power holds within 1.3% during seven hours operation. The transverse mode of the beam is the TEM00 and M2 of the beam is smaller than 1.2. We achieved these qualities by the following technical sources; (1) simple construction of the oscillator for high beam quality, (2) synchronization of mode-locked pulses at 1064 and 1319 nm by the control of phase difference between two radio frequencies fed to acousto-optic mode lockers, (3) precise tunability of wavelength and spectral band width, and (4) proper selection of nonlinear optical crystal. We report in this paper how we built up each technical source and how we combined those.
© (2006) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Yoshihiko Saito, Yutaka Hayano, Norihito Saito, Kazuyuki Akagawa, Akira Takazawa, Mayumi Kato, Meguru Ito, Stephen Colley, Matthew Dinkins, Michael Eldred, Taras Golota, Olivier Guyon, Masayuki Hattori, Shin Oya, Makoto Watanabe, Hideki Takami, Masanori Iye, and Satoshi Wada "589 nm sum-frequency generation laser for the LGS/AO of Subaru Telescope", Proc. SPIE 6272, Advances in Adaptive Optics II, 627246 (28 June 2006); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.671964
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