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3 May 2007 Enabling defect-free masks for extreme ultraviolet lithography
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Proceedings Volume 6533, 23rd European Mask and Lithography Conference; 653310 (2007) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.737160
Event: European Mask and Lithography Conference2007, 2007, Grenoble, France
Abstract
Extreme ultraviolet lithography (EUVL) requires nearly defect-free reflective mask blanks to be economically viable. This has driven the development of tools and processes for depositing and characterizing ultra-low defect density masks, the focus of our study. The NexusTM low defect deposition (LDD) module is an ion beam sputter deposition tool installed at the Mask Blank Development Center (MBDC) at SEMATECH. It has achieved a reflective multilayer coating-added defect density as low as ~0.005 def/cm2 for particles 70 nm and larger on a commercial 6" square quartz substrate.1 To the best of our knowledge, this is the cleanest coating deposited to date on a commercial substrate. Also, since mask substrate defects can nucleate coating defects, ultra-clean substrates are required. Despite significant advances in mask substrate cleaning techniques, the incoming substrates contribute more defects than the multilayer coating process to the total number of defects on our lowest defect density mask blanks. This is because cleaning processes are ineffective against substrate pits, which dominate the substrate defect distribution. Fortunately, defect mitigation methods have been developed that use a silicon coat-and-etch process to planarize substrate pit and particle defects. A version of the NexusTM LDD module designed primarily for planarizing substrate pits and particles has been installed at the MBDC. This tool has several features, such as the ability to isolate the etch source during deposition steps, that should enable the planarization process to be done more cleanly. We present initial results on the performance of this tool and process.
© (2007) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Chan-Uk Jeon, Patrick Kearney, Andy Ma, Bernd Beier, Toshyuki Uno, Rajul Randive, and Ira Reiss "Enabling defect-free masks for extreme ultraviolet lithography", Proc. SPIE 6533, 23rd European Mask and Lithography Conference, 653310 (3 May 2007); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.737160
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