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5 October 2007 Consistent detection and identification of individuals in a large camera network
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In the wake of an increasing number of terrorist attacks, counter-terrorism measures are now a main focus of many research programmes. An important issue for the police is the ability to track individuals and groups reliably through underground stations, and in the case of post-event analysis, to be able to ascertain whether specific individuals have been at the station previously. While there exist many motion detection and tracking algorithms, the reliable deployment of them in a large network is still ongoing research. Specifically, to track individuals through multiple views, on multiple levels and between levels, consistent detection and labelling of individuals is crucial. In view of these issues, we have developed a change detection algorithm to work reliably in the presence of periodic movements, e.g. escalators and scrolling advertisements, as well as a content-based retrieval technique for identification. The change detection technique automatically extracts periodically varying elements in the scene using Fourier analysis, and constructs a Markov model for the process. Training is performed online, and no manual intervention is required, making this system suitable for deployment in large networks. Experiments on real data shows significant improvement over existing techniques. The content-based retrieval technique uses MPEG-7 descriptors to identify individuals. Given the environment under which the system operates, i.e. at relatively low resolution, this approach is suitable for short timescales. For longer timescales, other forms of identification such as gait, or if the resolution allows, face recognition, will be required.
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Alberto Colombo, Valerie Leung, James Orwell, and Sergio A. Velastin "Consistent detection and identification of individuals in a large camera network", Proc. SPIE 6736, Unmanned/Unattended Sensors and Sensor Networks IV, 67360R (5 October 2007);

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