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14 February 2008 Sub-picosecond polychromatic photoluminescence studies of CdSe and PbSe nanodots
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We present our studies of femtosecond photoluminescence of colloidal solutions of CdSe and PbSe nanocrystals, using polychromatic fluorescence upconversion. Ultrafast relaxation processes are observed in both cases upon excitation at 400 nm and 800 nm respectively. Under moderately high excitation densities we studied the formation and dynamics of biexitons and triexcitons in CdSe nanocrystals. Contrary to earlier reports, all results could be understood without invoking the presence of charged particles. The dynamics of single excitons in PbSe nanocrystals is found to be similar to the case of CdSe, despite the high confinement in the former., The early-time spectra are characterized by emission from several low lying excited states. The kinetics point to a fast sequential cascade process between excited states, governed by energy gaps, and indicate the presence of additional dark states. The first direct measurement of the lowest excited states Huang-Rhys factors excludes that strong electron-phonon coupling mediates the intraband relaxation.
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Camilla Bonati, Andrea Cannizzo, Frank van Mourik, and Majed Chergui "Sub-picosecond polychromatic photoluminescence studies of CdSe and PbSe nanodots", Proc. SPIE 6892, Ultrafast Phenomena in Semiconductors and Nanostructure Materials XII, 68920H (14 February 2008);

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