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12 February 2008 A compact SWIFTS spectrograph with a leaky loop structure
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This paper deals with a new spectrograph on integrated optics. It is composed of an Y-junction where the two junction arms are guided in a loop structure in order to obtain an interference pattern. The measurement of this intensity distribution gives access to the optical spectrum source after a Inverse Fourier Transform. To measure it, we use the property of the loop composed of a bent waveguide which is a leaky structure. Depending on the radius of the bent waveguide, a part of the light leaks from the waveguide to outside. The radiated power, proportional to the intensity in the waveguide, is coupled into a plan waveguide set near the bent waveguide. Indeed the two structures are separated by a gap which changes along the periphery of the loop. This structure enables both to control the leaking light part and to confine in the plan waveguide the propagation of the radiated field. Thereby, the radiated intensity is measured at a peculiar distance of the loop on a perpendicular plan to the input waveguide. So, the interference pattern measured is magnified by the ratio of the plan waveguide length over the loop radius, allowing to use a commercial photodetectors array to sufficiently sample the interference pattern. The spectrum is finally obtained operating a Discrete Fourier Transform. The device modelization is divided in two parts. The first part describes the coupling between the bent and the plan waveguide modelised by a modal method based on a Fourier series expansion (RCWA) combined with an exponential conformal mapping in order to simulate the electromagnetic field near the loop. The second part describes the Helmholtz-Kirchhoff theorem to simulate the far-electromagnetic field. From the interference pattern modelized, the spectrum of the signal is then calculated. A demonstrator in integrated optics on glass is being developed.
© (2008) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Bruno Martin, Alain Morand, Pierre Benech, Gregory Leblond, Sylvain Blaize, Gilles Lerondel, and Etienne Lecoarer "A compact SWIFTS spectrograph with a leaky loop structure", Proc. SPIE 6896, Integrated Optics: Devices, Materials, and Technologies XII, 689617 (12 February 2008);

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