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10 April 2008 A theory of large deformation in soft active materials
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Soft active materials have many important applications. We develop a theory of large deformation in a family of soft active materials known as dielectric elastomers. We show that the Maxwell stress is not applicable to deformable dielectrics in general, and that the effect of electric field on deformation is material specific. Based on available experimental data, we construct for a class of model materials, which we call ideal dielectric elastomers, a free-energy function comprising contributions from stretching and polarizing. We show that the free-energy function is typically non-convex, causing the pull-in instability of dielectric elastomers.
© (2008) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Zhigang Suo, Xuanhe Zhao, Wei Hong, Jinxiong Zhou, and William H Greene "A theory of large deformation in soft active materials", Proc. SPIE 6927, Electroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD) 2008, 692710 (10 April 2008);

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