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22 April 2008 On modeling sea clutter by diffusive models
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Sea clutter, the radar backscatter from the ocean surface, has been observed to be highly non-Gaussian. K distribution is among the best distributions proposed to fit non-Gaussian sea clutter data. Using diffusive models, K distributed sea clutter can be casted as a Gaussian speckle, with a de-correlation time of 0.1 s, modulated by a Gamma distribution, with a de-correlation time of about 1 s, characterizing the large scale structures of the sea surface. Our analyses of large amounts of real sea clutter data suggest that between the time scales for the Gaussian speckle and large scale structures on the sea surface to de-correlate, sea clutter can be characterized as multifractal 1/f processes. This is the feature that is not captured by diffusive models and underlies why K distribution cannot fit real sea clutter data sufficiently well. We surmise that by combining K distribution and associated diffusive models with multifractal formalism, the many different physical processes underlying sea clutter can be more comprehensively characterized.
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Jing Hu, Wen-wen Tung, Jianbo Gao, Robert S. Lynch, and Genshe Chen "On modeling sea clutter by diffusive models", Proc. SPIE 6968, Signal Processing, Sensor Fusion, and Target Recognition XVII, 69681F (22 April 2008);

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