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16 April 2008 Theory of directed transportation of electronic excitation between single molecules through photonic coupling
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The primary result of UV-Visible photon absorption by complex organic molecules is the population of short-lived electronic excited states. Transportation of their excitation energy between single molecules, formally mediated by near-field interactions, may occur between the initial absorption and eventual fluorescence emission events, commonly on an ultrafast timescale. The routing of energy flow is typically effected by a sequence of pairwise transfer steps over numerous molecules, rather than a single step over the same overall distance. Directionality emerges when there is structure in the molecular organisation. For a chemically heterogeneous system with local order, and with suitable molecular dispositions, automatically unidirectional transfer can be exhibited as the result of a 'spectroscopic gradient'. However it is also possible to exert control over the directionality of excitation flow by the operation of external influences. Examples are the application of an electrical or optical stimulus to the system - achieved by the incorporation of an ancillary polar species, the application of a static electric field or electromagnetic radiation. Most significantly, based on the latter option, an all-optical method has recently been determined that enables excitation transportation to be completely switched on or off, such that the energy flow is subject to controllable photoactivated gating. It is already apparent that this photonic process, termed Optically Controlled Resonance Energy Transfer, has potentially numerous applications. For example, it represents a new basis for optical transistor action.
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D. L. Andrews and D. S. Bradshaw "Theory of directed transportation of electronic excitation between single molecules through photonic coupling", Proc. SPIE 6999, Organic Optoelectronics and Photonics III, 69990C (16 April 2008);

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