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25 April 2008 Atmospheric correction for inland water based on Gordon model
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Remote sensing technique is soundly used in water quality monitoring since it can receive area radiation information at the same time. But more than 80% radiance detected by sensors at the top of the atmosphere is contributed by atmosphere not directly by water body. Water radiance information is seriously confused by atmospheric molecular and aerosol scattering and absorption. A slight bias of evaluation for atmospheric influence can deduce large error for water quality evaluation. To inverse water composition accurately we have to separate water and air information firstly. In this paper, we studied on atmospheric correction methods for inland water such as Taihu Lake. Landsat-5 TM image was corrected based on Gordon atmospheric correction model. And two kinds of data were used to calculate Raleigh scattering, aerosol scattering and radiative transmission above Taihu Lake. Meanwhile, the influence of ozone and white cap were revised. One kind of data was synchronization meteorology data, and the other one was synchronization MODIS image. At last, remote sensing reflectance was retrieved from the TM image. The effect of different methods was analyzed using in situ measured water surface spectra. The result indicates that measured and estimated remote sensing reflectance were close for both methods. Compared to the method of using MODIS image, the method of using synchronization meteorology is more accurate. And the bias is close to inland water error criterion accepted by water quality inversing. It shows that this method is suitable for Taihu Lake atmospheric correction for TM image.
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Yunmei Li, Haijun Wang, and Jiazhu Huang "Atmospheric correction for inland water based on Gordon model", Proc. SPIE 7000, Optical and Digital Image Processing, 700022 (25 April 2008);

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