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5 May 2008 Three-dimensional photonic crystals as intermediate filter for thin-film tandem solar cells
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The concept of a 3D photonic crystal structure as diffractive and spectrally selective intermediate filter within 'micromorphous' (a-Si/μc-Si) tandem solar cells has been investigated numerically and experimentally. Our device aims for the enhancement of the optical pathway of incident light within the amorphous silicon top cell in its spectral region of low absorption. From our previous simulations, we expect a significant improvement of the tandem cell efficiency of about absolutely 1.3%. This increases the efficiency for a typical a-Si / μc-Si tandem cell from 11.1% to 12.4%, as a result of the optical current-matching of the two junctions. We suggest as wavelength-selective optical element a 3D-structured optical thin-film, prepared by self-organized artificial opal templates and replicated with atomic layer deposition. The resulting samples are highly periodic thin-film inverted opals made of conducting and transparent zinc-oxide. We describe the fabrication processes and compare experimental data on the optical properties in reflection and transmission with our simulations and photonic band structure calculations.
© (2008) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Andreas Bielawny, Paul T. Miclea, Ralf B. Wehrspohn, Seung-Mo Lee, Mato Knez, Carsten Rockstuhl, Marian Lisca, Falk L. Lederer, and Reinhard Carius "Three-dimensional photonic crystals as intermediate filter for thin-film tandem solar cells", Proc. SPIE 7002, Photonics for Solar Energy Systems II, 700208 (5 May 2008);

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