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10 September 2008 Review of the role of dielectric anisotropy in Dyakonov surface-wave propagation
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Abstract
Surface waves (SWs) are localized waves that travel along the planar interface between two different mediums when certain dispersion relations are satisfied. If both mediums have purely dielectric constitutive properties, the characteristics of SW propagation are determined by the anisotropy of both mediums. Surface waves are then called Dyakonov SWs (DSWs), after Dyakonov who theoretically established the possibility of SW propagation at the planar interface of an isotropic dielectric and a positive uniaxial dielectric. Since then, DSW propagation guided by interfaces between a variety of dielectrics has been studied. With an isotropic dielectric on one side, the dielectric on the other side of the interface can be not only positive uniaxial but also biaxial. DSW propagation can also occur along an interface between two uniaxial or biaxial dielectrics that are twisted about a common axis with respect to each other but are otherwise identical. Recently, DSW propagation has been studied taking (i) uniaxial dielectrics such as calomel and dioptase crystals; (ii) biaxial dielectrics such as hemimorphite, crocoite, tellurite, witherite, and cerussite; and (iii) electro-optic materials such as potassium niobate. With materials that are significantly anisotropic, the angular regime of directions for DSW propagation turns out to be narrow. In the case of naturally occurring crystals, one has to accept the narrow angular existence domain (AED). However, exploiting the Pockels effect not only facilitates dynamic electrical control of DSW propagation, but also widens the AED for DSW propagation.
© (2008) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Sudarshan R. Nelatury II, John A. Polo Jr., and Akhlesh Lakhtakia "Review of the role of dielectric anisotropy in Dyakonov surface-wave propagation", Proc. SPIE 7041, Nanostructured Thin Films, 70410T (10 September 2008); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.793370
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