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29 August 2008 Enhancement of the stability of ion-beam assisted TiO2 thin films by using re-annealing with different substrate temperatures
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Titanium oxide (TiO2) thin films were prepared by ion-beam-assisted deposition(IAD) on glass substrates at different substrate temperatures. The effect of the stabilities of the optical properties, residual stress and surface roughness by re-annealing were investigated. Thermal annealing is a very useful process to improve the stoichiometry of optical oxide films, particularly for titanium oxide. The evolution of oxidation and the reason of the change in stress during annealing have been discussed. XRD revealed that all films were amorphous at as-deposited. As the substrate temperature increased from 150ºC, 200ºC to 250ºC, the re-crystallization temperature fell from 300ºC, through 250ºC to 200ºC during annealing process. In the re-annealing process, the films would be annealing again and stop the annealing at the temperature of re-crystallization. The refractive indices and extinction coefficients didn't have large fluctuations during the re-annealing process for all films deposited at different substrate temperatures. At substrate temperatures of 200ºC and 250ºC had the high refraction indices and low extinction coefficients than substrate temperature of 150ºC during re-annealing processes. The residual stress had small variations during the re-annealing process. The situation also appeared on the surface roughness. However, the substrate temperature of 150ºC had a great transform than 200ºC and 250ºC during the re-annealing process. Therefore, these results all reveal that the TiO2 films after thermal annealing became more stable than as-deposited, and it was especially useful for the films deposited at substrate temperature of 150ºC.
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Hsi-Chao Chen, Kuan-Shiang Lee, Cheng-Chung Jaing, and Cheng-Chung Lee "Enhancement of the stability of ion-beam assisted TiO2 thin films by using re-annealing with different substrate temperatures", Proc. SPIE 7067, Advances in Thin-Film Coatings for Optical Applications V, 70670O (29 August 2008);

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